In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim
National Hispanic Heritage Week,
which was held during the week that included 15-16 September. In 1989, Congress extended the commemoration to celebrate for a month (from September 15 to October 15) the culture and traditions of those who have their roots in Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking countries of Central America, South America and Caribbean.
September 15 is the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of the independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on September 16 and September 18, respectively.
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The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2015, which makes people of Hispanic origin the largest ethnic or racial minority in the country. Hispanics constituted 17.6 percent of the country’s total population.
The number of Hispanics who joined the population of the country between July 1, 2014 and July 1, 2015. This figure is almost half of the approximately 2.5 million people who were added to the total population of the country during this period.
[Source: U.S. Census Bureau]
The percentage increase in the Hispanic population between 2014 and 2015.
The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060. According to this projection, the Hispanic population will constitute 28.6 percent of the population of the country by that date.
The percentage of people of Hispanic or Latino origin in the United States who were of Mexican origin in 2015. Another 9.5 percent were Puerto Ricans, 3.8 percent Salvadorans, 3.7 percent Cubans, 3.3 percent Dominicans and 2.4 percent Guatemalans. The remaining people were from some other Central American, South American, or other Hispanic or Latino origin.
States and counties
Estimated population of Hispanic origin in Texas as of July 1, 2015.
The number of states with a population of 1 million or more Hispanic residents by 2015 – Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York and Texas.
The percentage of the Hispanic population in the United States living in California, Florida and Texas as of July 1, 2015.
The Hispanic population of California. This is the largest Hispanic population in any state.
Los Angeles County had the largest Hispanic population among all counties by 2015.
Harris County in Texas had the largest numerical increase in Hispanics from 2014 to 2015.
Source: Population Estimates 2015 edition
Families and children
The number of Hispanic households in the United States by 2015.
The percentage of Hispanic households that were married couple homes in 2015. Of all households in the United States, 48.2 percent were married couple households.
The percentage of Hispanic married couple households that had children under age 18 present in 2015, while for all households of married couples was 64.3 percent.
The percentage of Hispanic parent-child families that included two parents in 2015, while for all parent / child family groups was 69.5 percent.
The percentage of Hispanic married couples with children under the age of 18 where both spouses were employed in 2014, while at the national level was 59.7 percent.
The number of US residents with ages 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2015. This is a 131.2 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who speak Spanish at home constituted 13.3 percent of US residents aged 5 years and older. More than half (59 percent of all Spanish speakers and 57.4 percent of Spanish-speaking Hispanics) speak English “very well.”
The percentage of Hispanics with ages 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2015.
Income, poverty and health insurance
The median income of Hispanic households in 2015.
The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2015.
The percentage of Hispanics who did not have health insurance in 2015.
The percentage of Hispanics age 25 and older who had at least one high school in the year 2015.
The percentage of the Hispanic population aged 25 or older with a bachelor’s degree or a higher university degree in 2015.
The number of Hispanics age 25 or older who had at least a Bachelor’s degree in 2015.
Number of Hispanics 25 years of age or older with more advanced university degrees in 2015 (eg, masters, professional degrees, doctoral degrees).
The percentage of students (both university and postgraduate) enrolled in universities in 2015 who were Hispanic.
The percentage of primary and secondary school students in 2015 who were Hispanic.
The percentage of the Hispanic population born abroad in 2015.
The percentage of the 10.3 million non-citizens under the age of 35 who were born in Latin America and the Caribbean and who lived in the United States in 2010-2012.
The percentage of Hispanics or Latinos 16 years old or older who were in the civilian workforce by 2015.
The percentage of Hispanic voters in the 2012 presidential election. Hispanics constituted 4.7 percent of voters in 1996.
The percentage of voters in the 2014 Congressional elections who were Hispanic.
Service to the country
The number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 years of age or older who were veterans of the US military.
The number of companies in 2012 that were owned by Hispanics, an increase of 2.3 million or 46.3 percent in 2007.
The percentage of companies, of the 3.3 million companies whose owners were Hispanic, without paid employees. Of all companies in the United States, 80.4 percent were companies without salaried employees.
$ 78.7 million
The estimated number of receipts generated in 2012 by companies whose owners were Hispanic women. Companies whose owners were Hispanic men reported sales of $ 359.1 million.